What Exactly Is Diabetes?

by Karen Brooks on August 6, 2010

Diabetes Mellitus is a condition that’s one of the most costly and burdensome chronic diseases of our time – it is a condition that is fast increasing to almost epidemic proportions throughout the World.

Diabetes is a serious disorder of the pancreas. Basically the body is not able to use the glucose (sugar) in the blood as the levels are too high. Glucose is obtained from the digestion of certain foods like bread, potatoes, rice, sugar and other sweet foods, as well as from the liver.

There are two main types of Diabetes known as Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes – this develops when the body is not able to produce any insulin. It is more usual for Type 1 Diabetes to appear before you reach the age of 40. Type 1 Diabetes is normally treated with regular insulin injections and a change in diet. Regular exercise is also recommended.

Type 2 Diabetes – this develops while your body is able make some, but not enough insulin itself, or if the produced insulin doesn’t work properly (called insulin resistance). Type 2 Diabetes is often linked with being overweight, and more often than not appears in those aged over 40. Although in certain people, e.g African-Caribbean and South Asian, Type 2 Diabetes can appear as early as age 25. Recently more children are being diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes. This type of Diabetes is usually treatable with lifestyle changes, for example losing weight, a healthier diet and also by increasing your physical activity. Type 2 Diabetes may also require extra treatment in the form of tablets and sometimes insulin to ensure that the body maintains normal blood glucose levels. It is often the case that a Type 2 Diabetes sufferer may well end up needing to take insulin a couple of times a day, but it can often be held at may with diet and tablet medication.
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Diabetes in Senior Citizens

by Karen Brooks on August 1, 2010


Your body obtains glucose from the food you take in, the liver and muscles also supply your body with glucose. Blood transports the glucose to cells throughout the body. Insulin, a chemical hormone, helps the body’s cells to take in the glucose. Insulin is made by the beta cells of the pancreas and then released into the bloodstream.

If the body does not make enough insulin or the insulin does not work the way it should glucose is not able to enter the body’s cells. Instead the glucose must remain in the blood causing an increase in blood glucose level. This high blood glucose level causes pre-diabetes or diabetes.

Pre-diabetes means that blood glucose level is higher than average but not high enough for a diabetes diagnosis. Having pre-diabetic glucose levels increases risk for developing type 2 diabetes as well as heart disease and stroke. Still, if you have pre-diabetes there are many ways to reduce your risk of getting type 2 diabetes. Moderate physical activity and a healthy diet accompanied by modest weight loss can prevent type 2 diabetes and help a person with pre-diabetes to return to normal blood glucose levels.
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Bitter Melon For Diabetic Patients

July 25, 2010

Momordica Charantia or Bitter melon is an ascending vine which has green leaves and fruits with pungent taste. It has been consumed as medicine for combating diabetes, cancer and some other communicable diseases like HIV virus. It is the preferred vegetable of Chinese and also the most well-known substance for herbal tea. Leaves and fruits […]

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The Right Kind of Fruits For Diabetics

July 15, 2010

A lot of questions are still present in the minds of people with regard to whether fruits are beneficial or harmful for diabetics. The main reason for this doubt is the presence of sugar in many fruits. A lot of people feel that diabetics should completely avoid food items which are sweet and which contain […]

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